ESSO has a mandate to provide weather, climate and hazard related forecast and services and translate the same into practical usage for societal benefit. During the XI plan, ESSI had initiated several programs to improve the understanding of Earth Science and thereby improve forecast of weather, climate and hazards by holistically addressing various aspects related to ocean, atmosphere, cryosphere, geosphere and biosphere processes. To do this, it is important to understand various processes of earth system, particularly the interactions among different components viz., land, ocean, cryosphere and atmosphere. Therefore during the XII plan, multi-institutional and multi-disciplinary projects on focused areas of national importance will be undertaken.
Indian Climate Research Programme (ICRP) originally launched in 1996 is one such program to understand the variability of the monsoon and the oceans (particularly the Indian Seas and equatorial Indian Ocean) over a range of time-scales through observational campaigns and analyzing the results. After the successful campaigns of Bay of Bengal Monsoon Experiment (BOBMEX) in 1999 and Arabian Sea Monsoon Experiment (ARMEX) in 2002 and 2003 , the next program on the Continental Tropical Convergence Zone (CTCZ) Programme that has been initiated in the 11th plan period will be continued in the 12th plan period with focus on understanding the variability of convection/rainfall over the Indian monsoon region.
Program on changing emission scenario and atmospheric chemistry over mega-cities is another program of National importance. This is aimed towards understanding current changes brought about by anthropogenic activities, the distribution and chemical properties of aerosols and their direct/indirect effects on climate (cloud precipitation and regional hydrological cycles) . It is essential that chemical composition of aerosols are accurately represented in global climate models for distinguishing natural from anthropogenic influences. This can be achieved through continuous monitoring, field observations and modeling studies. Over India it is especially important to address the issues pertaining to quantum of export of fluxes of aerosols, their precursors from mega-cities, biomass burning and desert dust as well as to understand the mechanism of human activities that may transform the dynamical and chemical properties of the future atmosphere.
In order to cater to the huge demand for manpower in the Earth Sciences, several academic programmes through initiation of MTech/ PhD programmes, establishment of Chairs and opening of Centers of Excellence will be continued to be launched. To bring the Indian weather services at par with International organizations, several international collaborative programmes will be undertaken under the new as well as existing MoU’s and through sponsorship of scientific personnel to international labs. Keeping in view the operational and service-delivery oriented responsibilities of the various units of the Ministry, adequate training modules of international repute in Oceanography and Meteorology will be taken up to upgrade institutional knowledge through in-house training programmes of the scientific personnel. India Africa Centre for Medium Range Weather Prediction under the India-Africa forum is being proposed to be opened in Africa. In order to bring awareness among the people about the vagaries of weather and the huge oceanic resources, awareness campaigns through outreach activities in the form of exhibitions, posters, quiz competitions will continue to be undertaken. During the XII plan, it is proposed to open a National Oceanarium, Goa to bring awareness about the marine life and the ocean ecosystems which will also help in creating R & D facilities for focused research in the field.
Last Updated On 05/14/2014 - 17:12