Modernisation of IMD (PHASE-II)


The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs had approved the program  on `Modernization of Observation & Forecast of India Meteorological Department (IMD) to be implemented in a phased manner. The Phase-I of the program got implemented during the XI plan. This resulted in commissioning of  state of art observing systems throughout the country with their networking and integration, utilizing them in high resolution numerical models in high performance computing facility, their visualization, archival  and dissemination to the user community in a skilful manner. The second phase of the modernization is  aimed towards augmentation and enhancement of various observation systems as per requirement over different parts of the country. The first phase has established a fully integrated system and the second phase will enhance the existing system with optimal augmentation of observing systems.

(a). Objectives:

Augmentation of Observing Systems and Forecast Facilities of the India Meteorological Department (IMD)

The modernization phase II shall enhance the coverage and density of observations for  the entire country with a centrally connected digital observational data acquisition, processing and visualization systems.  It will render the full benefit of the modernization in terms of automation and improved quality of service.  In order to achieve the envisaged objectives, the following facilities/observing systems are required to be commissioned.  The framework of the observing systems is originally recommended by the Sikka Committee constituted by the MoES.  The observing systems proposed for modernization phase-II are on the basis of Sikka Committee recommendations.

Table 3.1: Proposed Atmospheric Observation System
S.N. Item Number Ph-II
1 Synoptic AWS 400
2 ARG 2000
3 Upper Air 14
4 Wind Profiler 52
5 Doppler Weather Radar 34
6 Public weather systems 5
7 Forecasting System 100
8 Information Processing System (Mirror for DRC at Pune) 1

(b). Participating Institution:  

India Meteorological Department, New Delhi

(c). Implementation Plan:

Phase I of the modernization of IMD was implemented since 2007-08 upon the approval of the Union Cabinet, at a cost of Rs. 920.0 crores. All lesson learning experiences along with unforeseen predicaments of phase-I of the modernization shall help in efficiently completing the critical components of procurement and commissioning cycle of state-of-the-art observing system viz., design, planning, bidding, procurement, preparedness for civil works and site identification/preparaton, commissioning etc.,    In fact, site identification and acquisition activities for the identified DWR stations has already been initiated during the XI plan itself.  Similarly, all long lead actions related to other observing systems have been initiated to reduce the preparatory period for launching the implementation of the phase-II of the modernization soon after its approval from the competent authorities.

(d). Deliverables:

  1. Commissioning and sustained operation of modern observing systems would provide improved quality of weather, climate and early warning services for the hydro-meteorological hazards and high impact weather phenomena
  2. Implementation of improved global, regional, meso-scale and now-cast data assimilation and forecast models to cover all spatial and temporal ranges 

(e). Budget Requirement : Including foreign exchange component: ` 1000 crores

(Rs. In crores)

Budget Requirement
Name of Scheme 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 Total  
Modernization Phase-II of IMD 200 250 300 100 150 1000


Last Updated On 04/07/2015 - 12:58
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